The Canadian Space Agency's (CSA) Flights and Fieldwork for the Advancement of Science and Technology (FAST) funding initiative supports space research in Canadian post-secondary institutions.
Three professors from the Department of Earth & Space Science & Engineering from the Lassonde School of Engineering at York University have been successfully chosen for the program.
The awarded funding totals $600,000, enabling them to test their developed technologies in the unique atmospheric environment of space. Below is an overview of the projects.
Project: Reflected Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Signals
Funding: $399,630 over three years
Sunil Bisnath is the Principal Investigator on the project, working with Professors Regina Lee and Franz Newland and a group of graduate students.
Professor Bisnath and his team have developed an instrument that can receive weak reflected Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals to detect soil moisture content. If successful, this low-cost, widely available determination of soil moisture would be significant for users, including climate scientists and policy-makers. The FAST program enables the improvement and testing of this instrument and its data analysis for a future satellite mission.
“Like any engineer, we want to see the research translated into a product or technology that will benefit its users. This 3-year grant gives us the opportunity to fine tune our ideas, expand them and test them to prove the approach will work,” says professor Bisnath.
Project: Mars Atmospheric Panoramic Camera and Laser Experiment (MAPLE)
Funding: $100,000 over three years
John Moores is the Principal Investigator working with Christina Smith, Science Principal Investigator and a team of graduate students, Charissa Campbell, Brittney Cooper and Giang Nguyen.
Professor Moores and his team are developing a small instrument called the Mars Atmospheric Panoramic Camera and Laser Experiment (MAPLE) to be used at Mars for investigation of the Martian atmosphere. Currently, cameras used in Mars missions are not laser-panoramic. With MAPLE, Professor Moores and colleagues can examine the vertical distribution of dust and ice aerosols, to better understand the dynamics of the Martian environment and better prepare for human exploration.
The FAST program enables camera testing in locations like the High Arctic, where Mars-like particles can be found. The camera will be operated remotely from York University.
Of the opportunity, Science Principal Investigator and Postdoctoral Fellow, Christina Smith says, “We want to prove the concept. This grant allows us to pursue this prototype as far as we possibly can and cement relationships with the local industry.”
Project: In-flight assessment of the Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy (SHS) instrument
Funding: $100,000 over three years
Gordon Shepherd is the Principal Investigator on the project, which began with the development of an optical technique called Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy (SHS), led by Research Associate Brian Solheim at York University. This attracted the attention of Martin Kaufmann of the Jülich Institute of Energy and Climate Research in Germany, who sent graduate student Michael Deiml to York University to work with Solheim on the design of an SHS to measure temperature in the upper atmosphere.
The SHS was then built in Germany and with the help of Jinjun Shan at York University, the team identified a Chinese satellite mission willing to fly this instrument. Professor Shepherd is thus part of a mission that will test an SHS instrument in space. The FAST program supports the Canadian participation in this international program.
Through the program, Professor Shepherd and his team will conduct in-flight assessments of the SHS instrument for the measurement of upper atmospheric temperature from 80 to 120 km above the Earth’s surface. This enhanced knowledge will provide unique new information on waves in temperature, caused by sources near the Earth’s surface, influencing our understanding of the coupling of atmospheric regions and the changes arising from solar variations and climate change.
Professor Shepherd credits Lassonde’s administrative support as being integral to securing this opportunity with the CSA.
“Ideally, I’d like to see the instrument perform perfectly and I’d like to see great data that we can spend some years analyzing, learning more about the atmosphere. The CSA grant has given us this chance.”
For more information on Flights and Fieldwork for the Advancement of Science and Technology (FAST) visit the website.