Earth and Space Science and Engineering

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Why Atmospheric Science?

Weather prediction, modelling and climate science: these are the big contributions made by the work of Atmospheric Scientists throughout their careers. Atmospheric Scientists study, learn and master the science behind the functioning of our natural world, and devise models to help us anticipate them. Thanks to the work of these scientists, we can gather increasingly accurate data about weather systems, effects on the natural environment , and effects on everyday human activity.

In a world that is steadily seeing the effects of global warming and climate change, Atmospheric Scientists are key in understanding the severity of our situation, and predicting the factors which can help mitigate them.

Notable alumni and faculty: Dr. Tom McElroy, who devised the UV Index employed in weather prediction today, Dr. Peter Taylor, whose work on the impact of Lake Erie Wind Farms on Water Temperature and Mixed-Layer Depths was published on the front cover of the March issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research.

Important Note:

Please email your queries to Prof. Yongsheng Chen, Undergraduate Program Director of EATS: yochen@yorku.ca

Atmospheric Science explores meteorology from the turbulent micro scale to the large synoptic scale weather systems. In our program, you will learn how we use computer models to forecast the weather and will develop a deeper understanding of the processes that drive severe weather, climate and climate change. You can top off your degree with a Certificate in Meteorology.

Courses You’ll Take:

• Geophysics and Space Science
• Cloud Physics and Radar Meteorology
• Numerical Weather Prediction
• Climate and Climate Change
• Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere
• Foundational Courses in Chemistry, programming, applied calculus, linear algebra and physics
• Applied courses in programming
• Applied courses in statistics, calculus and numerical prediction
• Applied courses in physics, atmospheric chemistry
• Applied courses in meteorology, spatial analysis, geography
• A final year research course
• Choice of electives in specialized program courses such as remote sensing, climate science, storms and weather systems
York graduates from both our Atmospheric Science stream and our one-year Certificate of Meteorology have been employed by:

• Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Meteorological Service
• The Weather Network
• Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change
• Government agencies for Natural Resources
• Risk management in the insurance industry
• Private environmental consulting

Note the Department’s Certificate of Meteorology satisfies Environment and Climate Change Canada’s entrance requirements for training as a government meteorologist.

Courses

First Year

Fall

CHEM 1000, 3 Credits

Introduction to chemistry with emphasis on physical and electronic structure of matter, including gases, liquids and solids. Topics include behaviour of gases; thermochemistry; atomic structure and periodic table; chemical bonding and architecture; structure of liquids and solids; frontiers of chemistry. Two and one-half lecture hours per week, one tutorial hour per week, six three-hour laboratory sessions. One term. Three credits.

Prerequisites: OAC chemistry, 12U chemistry or SC/CHEM 1500 4.00 or equivalent.
Course credit exclusions: SC/CHEM 1100 3.00, SC/ISCI 1201 3.00, SC/ISCI 1210 6.00.
ESSE 1011, 3 Credits

The origin, composition and vertical structure of the Earth’s atmosphere and those of other planets. The present global atmospheric circulation. Weather systems, measurements and weather maps; atmospheric chemistry; the ozone layer and atmospheric pollution. Five three-hour laboratory sessions.

Prerequisites: 12U Calculus and vectors or 12U advanced functions or equivalent; SC/MATH 1515 3.00; 12U physics or SC/PHYS 1510 4.00.
Course credit exclusions: LE/EATS 1010 6.00 (prior to Fall 2014), SC/EATS 1010 6.00 (prior Summer 2013), SC/NATS 1750 6.00. Previously offered as: LE/EATS 1011 3.00
EECS 1101, 3 Credits

The Objectives of 1011 are threefold: providing a first exposure to procedural programming, teaching students a set of soft computing skills (such as reasoning about algorithms, tracing programs, test-driven development), and demonstrating how computers are used in a variety of engineering disciplines. It uses problem-based pedagogy to expose the underlying concepts and an experiential laboratory to implement them. An integrated computing environment (such as MATLAB) is used so that students can pick up key programming concepts(such as variables and control flow) without being exposed to complex or abstract constructs. The problems are chosen with consultation with the various engineering disciplines in the Faculty with a view of exposing how computing is used in these disciplines.

Course credit exclusions: LE/EECS1541 3.00.
MATH 1014, 3 Credits

Calculus in Polar Coordinates. Techniques of Integration. Indeterminate Forms. Improper Integrals. Sequences, infinite series and power series. Approximations. Introduction to ordinary differential equations.

Prerequisite(s): One of SC/MATH 1013 3.00, SC/MATH 1300 3.00, GL/MATH 1901 3.00, or SC/ISCI 1401 3.00 ; for non-science students only, six credits from SC/MATH 1530 3.00 and SC/MATH 1540 3.00, SC/MATH 1550 6.00, AP/ECON 1530 3.00 and AP/ECON 1540 3.00.
Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1310 3.00, SC/MATH 1505 6.00, GL/MATH/MODR 1940 3.00, SC/ISCI 1402 3.00, SC/ISCI 1410 6.00.
MATH 1025, 3 Credits

Topics include spherical and cylindrical coordinates in Euclidean 3-space, general matrix algebra, determinants, vector space concepts for Euclidean n-space (e.g. linear dependence and independence, basis, dimension, linear transformations etc.), an introduction to eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Prerequisites: 12U Advanced functions (MHF4U) or equivalent.
Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1021 3.00, SC/MATH 2221 3.00, GL/MATH/MODR 2650 3.00.
PHYS 1011, 3 Credits

Topics include linear, rotational and oscillatory motion; Newtonian mechanics; work and energy; gravitation; waves and sound. Differential calculus and vector algebra are used. This course covers topics in greater depth than SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 or SC/PHYS 1421 3.00. It should be taken by all those likely to enroll in 2000-level physics courses, and is a prequel to SC/PHYS1012 3.0.

Prerequisites: 12U Physics or OAC Physics or SC/PHYS 1510 4.00; MHF4U Advanced Functions and MCV4U Calculus and Vectors, or 12U Advanced Functions and Introductory Calculus, or OAC Algebra and OAC Calculus, or SC/MATH 1505 6.00, or SC/MATH 1520 3.00.
Course credit exclusions: SC/PHYS 1010 6.00; SC/PHYS 1411 3.00, SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1421 3.00; SC/PHYS 1800 3.00; SC/ISCI 1310 6.00; SC/ISCI 1301 3.00.
PHYS 1012, 3 Credits

A sequel to PHYS1011 3.0. Topics include electrostatics; magnetostatics; electric current, DC circuits, and induction; electromagnetic waves, optics. Differential and integral calculus and vector algebra are used. This course covers fewer topics than SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 or SC/PHYS 1421 3.00, but covers them in greater depth. It should be taken by all those likely to enrol in 2000-level physics courses.
Prerequisite: SC/PHYS1011 3.00, or a minimum grade of C in either SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 or SC/PHYS 1421 3.00; SC/MATH1013 3.00 or equivalent.
Corequisite(s): SC/MATH 1014 3.00, or SC/MATH 1505 6.00, or equivalents. Course credit exclusions: SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1422 3.00; SC/PHYS 1801 3.00; SC/ISCI 1310 6.00; SC/ISCI 1302 3.00.

Winter

CHEM 1001, 4 Credits

This course complements SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 – with emphasis on chemical change and equilibrium. Topics include chemical kinetics; chemical equilibrium; entropy and free energy as driving forces for chemical change; electrochemistry; frontiers in chemistry.

Prerequisites: OAC chemistry, 12U chemistry or SC/CHEM 1500 4.00 or equivalent.
Course credit exclusions: SC/ISCI 1202 3.00, SC/ISCI 1210 6.00.
CHEM 1000, 3 Credits

Introduction to chemistry with emphasis on physical and electronic structure of matter, including gases, liquids and solids. Topics include behaviour of gases; thermochemistry; atomic structure and periodic table; chemical bonding and architecture; structure of liquids and solids; frontiers of chemistry. Two and one-half lecture hours per week, one tutorial hour per week, six three-hour laboratory sessions. One term. Three credits.

Prerequisites: OAC chemistry, 12U chemistry or SC/CHEM 1500 4.00 or equivalent.
Course credit exclusions: SC/CHEM 1100 3.00, SC/ISCI 1201 3.00, SC/ISCI 1210 6.00.
ESSE 1012, 3 Credits

Provides essential topics in Earth environment (Earth and oceanic science, atmospheric science, and geology) and explores the role played by global and local scale processes in shaping our planet. Concepts are described; the latest technology discussed, and links between engineering disciplines are provided. The course lectures are complemented by hands-on laboratory and field experience.

Prerequisites: 12U calculus and vectors or 12U advanced functions, or SC/MATH 1515 3.00; 12U physics or SC/PHYS 1510 4.00.
Corequisites: LE/ENG 1101 4.00; LE/ENG 1102 4.00; SC/PHYS 1800 3.00, SC/PHYS 1801 3.00.
MATH 1014, 3 Credits

Calculus in Polar Coordinates. Techniques of Integration. Indeterminate Forms. Improper Integrals. Sequences, infinite series and power series. Approximations. Introduction to ordinary differential equations.

Prerequisite(s): One of SC/MATH 1013 3.00, SC/MATH 1300 3.00, GL/MATH 1901 3.00, or SC/ISCI 1401 3.00 ; for non-science students only, six credits from SC/MATH 1530 3.00 and SC/MATH 1540 3.00, SC/MATH 1550 6.00, AP/ECON 1530 3.00 and AP/ECON 1540 3.00.
Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1310 3.00, SC/MATH 1505 6.00, GL/MATH/MODR 1940 3.00, SC/ISCI 1402 3.00, SC/ISCI 1410 6.00.
MATH 1025, 3 Credits

Topics include spherical and cylindrical coordinates in Euclidean 3-space, general matrix algebra, determinants, vector space concepts for Euclidean n-space (e.g. linear dependence and independence, basis, dimension, linear transformations etc.), an introduction to eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Prerequisites: 12U Advanced functions (MHF4U) or equivalent.
Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1021 3.00, SC/MATH 2221 3.00, GL/MATH/MODR 2650 3.00.
PHYS 1012, 3 Credits

A sequel to PHYS1011 3.0. Topics include electrostatics; magnetostatics; electric current, DC circuits, and induction; electromagnetic waves, optics. Differential and integral calculus and vector algebra are used. This course covers fewer topics than SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 or SC/PHYS 1421 3.00, but covers them in greater depth. It should be taken by all those likely to enrol in 2000-level physics courses.

Prerequisite: SC/PHYS1011 3.00, or a minimum grade of C in either SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 or SC/PHYS 1421 3.00; SC/MATH1013 3.00 or equivalent.
Corequisite(s): SC/MATH 1014 3.00, or SC/MATH 1505 6.00, or equivalents.
Course credit exclusions: SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1422 3.00; SC/PHYS 1801 3.00; SC/ISCI 1310 6.00; SC/ISCI 1302 3.00

 * Offered in Fall/ Winter Semester

3 Non-Science Credits Requirements

Note: For students transferring into the EATS program, the following are acceptable substitutes for the 6 credit foundational science (physics) requirement: SC/PHYS 1800 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1801 3.00; or SC/ISCI 1310 6.00; or SC/ISCI 1301 3.00 and SC/ISCI 1302 3.00; or any of the following with a minimum grade of C in each course: SC/PHYS 1410 6.00; SC/PHYS 1420 6.00; SC/PHYS 1411 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1412 3.00; SC/PHYS 1421 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1422 3.00

Second Year

Fall

EECS 2501, 1 Credit

Course Description:
Covers computer-base problem solving in a variety of scientific and engineering settings. Introduces the FORTRAN programming language and its interface with scientific libraries. Applications are drawn mainly from scientific areas such as numerical methods, processing experimental data, simulation and data visualization.

Prerequisites: cumulative GPA of 4.50 or better over all major EECS courses (EECS courses without second digit “5” are not major courses); One of LE/EECS 1020 3.00 or LE/EECS 1021 3.00 or LE/EECS 1022 3.00 or LE/EECS 1530 3.00.
MATH 2015, 3 Credits

Topics covered include partial derivatives; grad, div, curl and Laplacian operators; line and surface integrals; theorems of Gauss and Stokes; double and triple integrals in various coordinate systems; extrema and Taylor series for multivariate functions.

Prerequisite: One of SC/MATH 1010 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1310 3.00; or SC/MATH 1505 6.00 plus permission of the course coordinator.
Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 2010 3.00, SC/MATH 2310 3.00, GL/MATH 2670 3.00, GL/MODR 2670 3.00, GL/MATH 3200 3.00.
MATH 2271, 3 Credits

Introduction to ordinary and partial differential equations, including their classification, boundary conditions, and methods of solution. Equations, methods, and solutions relevant to science and engineering are emphasized, and exploration is encouraged with the aid of software. Three lecture hours per week. One term. Three credits.

Prerequisites: One of SC/MATH 2015 3.00, SC/MATH 2310 3.00 or equivalent; one of SC/MATH 1025 3.00, SC/MATH 2022 3.00, SC/MATH 2222 3.00 or equivalent.
Course Credit Exclusions: SC/MATH 2270 3.00, GL/MATH 3400 3.00.
PHYS 2020, 3 Credits

The elements of electric and magnetic fields are developed together with DC and AC circuit theory.

Prerequisites: SC/PHYS 1010 6.00, or SC/PHYS 1800 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1801 3.00, or SC/ISCI 1310 6.00, or a minimum grade of C in SC/PHYS 1410 6.00 or SC/PHYS 1420 6.00.
Corequisite: SC/MATH 2015 3.00.
**3 credits from the list of 15 credits required below

Winter

ESSE 2030, 3 Credits

Seismic waves, earthquake fault plane solutions, tectonics on a sphere, geochronology, paleomagnetism, Earth’s magnetic field, its origin and deformation by solar winds. VLBI measurements of fluctuations of Earth rotation, gravitational perturbations of satellite orbits, planetary exploration and communications issues.

Prerequisites: SC/MATH 1014 3.00; SC/PHYS 1800 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1801 3.00 or SC/PHYS 1010 6.00 or a minimum grade of C in SC/PHYS 1410 6.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2014: SC/MATH 1014 3.00; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00, or a minimum grade of C in SC/PHYS 1410 6.00.
ESSE 2470, 3 Credits

Introductory tensor algebra and calculus. Stress and strain analysis. Symmetry of stress tensor, equilibrium conditions. Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions of strain. Physical interpretation of stress, strain and strain rate tensors. Conservation laws in continua. Consistency and compatibility considerations. Constitutive relations.

Prerequisites: LE/EECS 1011 3.00; SC/MATH 1025 3.00; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/PHYS 1800 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1801 3.00 or SC/PHYS 1010 6.00, or a minimum grade of C in SC/PHYS 1410 6.00.
ESSE 2012, 3 Credits

An introduction to atmospheric dynamics on the global, synoptic, meso- and micro-scales, interpretation of weather maps, weather prediction and numerical models, convection, thunderstorms, tropical cyclones, and hurricanes. The course lectures are complemented by hands on laboratory experience.

Prerequisite(s): LE/EECS 1541 3.00; SC/MATH 1013 3.00 and SC/MATH 1014 3.00, or equivalents; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00 or SC/PHYS 1410 6.00 or SC/PHYS 1800 3.00 and SC/PHYS 1801 3.00 Date of submission: 2017-12-05

Plus one of the following courses

GEOG 2420, 3 Credits

This introductory course aims to provide a working knowledge of several statistical techniques which are widely used in many branches of geography. Some attention is also given to broader questions concerning the nature of the scientific method.

Prerequisites: 24 credits successfully completed. This course is intended primarily for students majoring in geography and is normally taken during the second-year of study. Course credit exclusions: AP/ECON 2500 3.00, AP/POLS 3300 6.00, AP/SOCI 3030 6.00, HH/KINE 2050 3.00, HH/KINE 3150 3.00, HH/PSYC 2020 6.00, HH/PSYC 2021 3.00, SC/BIOL 2060 3.00, SC/MATH 2560 3.00, SC/MATH 2565 3.00, SC/MATH 2570 3.00.
MATH 2930, 3 Credits

The aim of this course is to give students in various disciplines some fundamental tools in statistical inference. Students will understand when and how to use statistical tools such as the z, t or chi-squared tests, regression analysis, analysis of variance and various other techniques. Students will learn how to use the statistical software R for data analysis.

Prerequisites: High school MATH 11U or MATH 11U/C. Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 2930 3.00, SC/BIOL 2060 3.00, AP/ECON 2500 3.00, AP/SC/GEOG 2420 3.00, HH/KINE 2050 3.00, SC/MATH 2560 3.00, SC/MATH 2570 3.00, HH/PSYC 2020 6.00, SB/OMIS 1000 3.00. NCR note: Students who have passed SC/MATH 1131 3.00 may not take SC/MATH 2565 3.00.
MATH 2930, 3 Credits

This is an applied probability and statistics course for engineering students. The aim is to provide an application oriented introduction to probability and statistics. The examples will be from a wide selection of engineering disciplines. The probability component is about 30% of the lectures. About 40% of the time, the lectures and tutorials focus on solving practical statistical problems that emerge from engineering problems.

Prerequisites: SC/MATH 1014 3.00 or equivalent; SC/MATH 1025 3.00 or equivalent; LE/EECS 1011 3.00 or equivalent.
Course credit exclusions: SC/MATH 1131 3.00; SC/MATH 2560 3.00; SC/MATH 2570 3.00; SC/MATH 2565 3.00.

 * Offered in Fall/ Winter Semester

 **15 credits through degree (to include at least 3 credits from EATS courses) from:

LE/ESSE 3130 3.00, LE/ESSE 4000 3.00, LE/ESSE 4000 6.00, LE/ESSE 4020 3.00, LE/ESSE 4220 3.00, LE/ESSE 4240 3.00, LE/ESSE 4600 3.00, SC/GEOG 2400 6.00, SC/GEOG 4205 3.00, SC/GEOG 4210 3.00, SC/GEOG 4215 3.00, SC/GEOG 4310 3.00, SC/GEOG 4400 3.00, SC/MATH 3242 3.00, SC/MATH 3271 3.00, SC/MATH 3410 3.00, SC/PHYS 2060 3.00, SC/PHYS 3050 3.00, SC/PHYS 4120 3.0

Third Year

Fall

ESSE 3030, 3 Credits

(Crosslisted to: SC/PHYS 3080 3.00)

Applications of basic thermodynamic principles to dry and moist atmospheric situations. Solar (short wave) and terrestrial (long wave) radiation with respect to absorption and scattering processes involving atmospheric atoms, molecules, aerosol particles and clouds.

Prerequisites: SC/MATH 2015 3.0; SC/MATH 2271 3.00; SC/PHYS 1010 6.00, or a minimum grade of C in SC/PHYS 1410 6.00 or SC/PHYS 1420 6.00.
ESSE 3040, 3 Credits

Dynamics of large-scale weather systems. Development of the equations of motion, geostrophy, thermal wind, vorticity and divergence, Ekman layers and the quasi-geostrophic theory.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 2010 3.00; LE/ESSE 2470 3.00 or SC/PHYS 2010 3.00; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/MATH 2271 3.00.
PRIOR TO FALL 2014: Prerequisites: LE/EATS 2010 3.00; LE/EATS 2470 3.00 or SC/PHYS 2010 3.00; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/MATH 2271 3.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisites: SC/EATS 2010 3.00; SC/EATS 2470 3.00 or SC/PHYS 2010 3.00; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/MATH 2271 3.00.
ESSE 3600, 3 Credits

Fundamentals of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial analysis. Functional requirements of GIS. Geopositioning, map projections, coordinate systems and transformations. Data sources. Modelling of real world, spatial and attribute data. Vector and raster data models and structures. Data conversion and integration. Topological relationships and structures. Data processing and spatial analysis. Editing and data quality. Data management and spatial database structures. Visualization of spatial data. Introduction to GIS modelling.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 1010 3.00 or LE/ESSE 1012 3.00; LE/EECS 1011 3.00 or LE/EECS 1541 3.00; SC/MATH 1014 3.00; SC/MATH 1025 3.00; SC/MATH 2930 3.00 or SC/MATH 2565 3.00 or SC/GEOG 2420 3.00; Date of submission: 2018-04-03 The fundamental concepts and techniques of GIS are presented along with detailed discussion of computer implementation. The emphases include database management and map analysis/spatial modelling. PC ArcView with Spatial Analyst extension GIS programs are used for hands-on exercises.
Prerequisites: LE/EECS 1540 3.00 or LE/EECS 1030 3.00 or LE/EECS 1520 3.00; SC/MATH 2560 3.00 or AP/GEOG 2420 3.00 or SC/GEOG 2420 3.00 or SC/MATH 1131 3.00; SC/MATH 1025 3.00 or SC/MATH 1013 3.00; both LE/ESSE 1010 3.00 and LE/ESSE 1011 3.00, or LE/ESSE 2030 3.00, or AP/GEOG 1400 6.00 or SC/GEOG 1400 6.00, or permission of the Instructor.
MATH 3241, 3 Credits

(Crosslisted to: LE/EECS 3121 3.00)

An introductory course in computational linear algebra. Topics include simple error analysis, linear systems of equations, non-linear equations, linear least squares and interpolation.

Prerequisites: One of SC/MATH 1010 3.00, SC/MATH 1014 3.00, SC/MATH 1310 3.00; one of SC/MATH 1021 3.00, SC/MATH 1025 3.00, SC/MATH 2221 3.00; one of LE/EECS 1540 3.00, LE/EECS 2031 3.00, or LE/EECS 2501 1.00.
Course credit exclusions: LE/EECS 3121 3.00, LE/CSE 3121 3.00 (prior to Fall 2014), SC/CSE 3121 3.00 (prior to Summer 2013).
ESSE 4220, 3 Credits

Principles used in extracting physical information about the Earth’s surface using remote sensing. Remote sensing in the visible, short-wave infrared, thermal infrared and microwave regions is discussed in terms of potential applicability to forestry, agriculture, water resources and geology. Two lecture hours, three laboratory hours. One term. Three credits.

Prerequisite(s): SC/PHYS 2020 3.00; LE/EECS 1021 3.00 or LE/EECS 1541 3.00.
ESSE 2210, 3 Credits

This course surveys a variety of Canadian case studies in environmental sustainability from an engineering perspective. The goal of this course is to provide students with exposure to the social aspects of large infrastructure projects, including the environmental assessment and stakeholder consultation processes. Climate change mitigation and adaptation are strong themes of this course.

Winter

ESSE 3020, 3 Credits

Studies of isostatic equilibrium and glacial rebound; seismic tomography and spherical harmonic representation of gravity and the geoid; Earth rotation and geodesy; geothermal heat flow and mantle convection.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 2030 3.00; LE/ESSE 2470 3.00 or SC/PHYS 2010 3.00 or permission of Instructor; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/MATH 2271 3.00; SC/PHYS 2020 3.00
ESSE 3630, 3 Credits

Functional models of measurements. Statistical testing and assessment of observations, parameters and mathematical models. Optimal design. Generalized least squares problems with constraints and singularities, step-by-step procedures. Application in control networks.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 2640 3.00, LE/ESSE3610 3.00; or permission of instructor
ESSE 3640, 3 Credits

Date Submission: December 5, 2018 Instrument systems and procedures for high-precision/accuracy geodetic surveys. ISO Standard 17123. High-precision surveys in engineering physics; geodetic network densification, adjustment and analysis; procedures for deformation surveys and strain analysis. Establishment, observation, adjustment and analysis of control networks for construction and monitoring of large engineering structures.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 2620 3.00; LE/ESSE 2630 3.00; LE/ESSE 3610 3.00; LE/ESSE 3620 3.00.
Note: Recommend students to take LE/ESSE 3630 3.00 together.
ESSE 3650, 3 Credits

Date submission: December 5, 2018 Object metric information from imagery. Image and object space. Coordinate transformations. Measurement and correction of image coordinates. Collinearity and coplanarity conditions. Orientation procedures. Stereo-model. Independent models, bundle, strip and block photogrammetric triangulation. Sensor pose estimation. Digital photogrammetry and 3D reconstruction. Structure from Motion and dense image point matching. Image rectification. DEM and orthoimage generation. UAV and close-range photogrammetry. Project planning. Applications.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 2615 3.00, LE/ESSE 2640 3.00, LE/EECS 1011 3.00 or LE/EECS 1541 3.00.
Exclusions: LE/CSE 3451 4.00, SC/CSE 3451 4.00 LE/CSE 3451 3.00, SC/CSE 3451 3.00, SC/MATH 4130B 3.00, SC/MATH 4930C 3.00.
ESSE 3660, 3 Credits

A two-full-week camp comprising field and laboratory work. It involves organizational, planning, scheduling and logistical aspects of high precision field operations related to engineering physics, establishment and observation of control networks for construction and monitoring large engineering structures.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 3640 3.00.
ESSE 4220, 3 Credits

Principles used in extracting physical information about the Earth’s surface using remote sensing. Remote sensing in the visible, short-wave infrared, thermal infrared and microwave regions is discussed in terms of potential applicability to forestry, agriculture, water resources and geology. Two lecture hours, three laboratory hours. One term. Three credits.

Prerequisite(s): SC/PHYS 2020 3.00; LE/EECS 1021 3.00 or LE/EECS 1541 3.00.
ESSE 3670, 3 Credits

Satellite-based positioning, navigation and timing. Spatial and temporal reference systems. Orbital mechanics. GNSS signal structure, hardware, observables, and error sources. GNSS point positioning, relative positioning, and augmentation techniques. GNSS / inertial integration. GNSS evolution and applications. Course Credit Exclusion LE/ESSE 4610 3.00.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 3610 3.00; LE/ESSE 3620 3.00 or LE/ESSE 2640 3.00.
ESSE 2210, 3 Credits

The concept of feedback and its use in circuits employing operational amplifiers; analysis/design of such circuits, including amplifiers, filters, oscillators, pulse generators; digital concepts and logic circuits with applications to data manipulation (computers) and storage.

Prerequisite: SC/PHYS 3050 3.00.
Course credit exclusion: LE/ENG 2210 3.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisite: SC/PHYS 1010 6.00; and SC/PHYS 3050 3.00 recommended.
Course credit exclusion: SC/ENG 2210 3.00.
**6 credits from the list of 15 credits required below (3 non-science, 3 elective)

 **15 credits through degree (to include at least 3 credits from EATS courses) from:

LE/ESSE 3130 3.00, LE/ESSE 4000 3.00, LE/ESSE 4000 6.00, LE/ESSE 4020 3.00, LE/ESSE 4220 3.00, LE/ESSE 4240 3.00, LE/ESSE 4600 3.00, SC/GEOG 2400 6.00, SC/GEOG 4205 3.00, SC/GEOG 4210 3.00, SC/GEOG 4215 3.00, SC/GEOG 4310 3.00, SC/GEOG 4400 3.00, SC/MATH 3242 3.00, SC/MATH 3271 3.00, SC/MATH 3410 3.00, SC/PHYS 2060 3.00, SC/PHYS 3050 3.00, SC/PHYS 4120 3.0

Fourth Year

Fall

ESSE 4050, 3 Credits

Analysis of mid-latitude synoptic scale weather systems: an introduction to storm tracks, fronts and air masses, and diagnostic methods. Analysis and interpretation of surface weather maps and upper-air charts.

Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/ESSE 3040 3.00.
PRIOR TO FALL 2014: Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/EATS 3040 3.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisite or corequisite: SC/EATS 3040 3.00.
ESSE 4120, 3 Credits

Thermodynamics of cloud processes. Buoyancy and convection. Weather radar. Storms and associated precipitation. Cloud droplet formation and growth of ice crystals. Snow, graupel and hail. Microphysical processes and climate.

Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/ESSE 3030 3.00.
PRIOR TO FALL 2014: Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/EATS 3030 3.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisite or corequisite: SC/EATS 3030 3.00.
ENG 4640, 6 Credits

Digital Terrain Modeling (DTM) concepts. Mathematical techniques in data acquisition, processing, storage, manipulation and applications. DTM. Surface representation using moving averages, linear projection and Kriging techniques. Grid resampling methods and search algorithms. DTM derivatives and applications. LIDAR systems and applications.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 2620 3.00; LE/ESSE 3620 3.00.
PRIOR TO FALL 2014: Prerequisites: LE/EATS 2620 4.00 or LE/ENG 2110 2.00; LE/EATS 3620 4.00 or LE/ENG 3110 4.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisites: SC/EATS 2620 4.00 or SC/ENG 2110 2.00; SC/EATS 3620 4.00 or SC/ENG 3110 4.00.
**9 credits from the list of 15 credits required below

Winter

ESSE 4051, 3 Credits

Synoptic and mesoscale weather systems with emphasis on prediction: focus on forecasting with emphasis on the interpretation of numerical weather prediction models such as the GEM, MC2 and SEF models. Satellite and radar image interpretation for nowcasting.

Prerequisite: LE/ESSE 4050 3.00.
PRIOR TO FALL 2014: Prerequisite: LE/EATS 4050 3.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisite: SC/EATS 4050 3.00.
ESSE 4130, 3 Credits

The theory and behaviour of Rossby, baroclinic and internal gravity waves in the atmosphere, including their origin, structure and propagation. Barotropic and baroclinic instability and the global circulation of the atmosphere.

Prerequisite: LE/ESSE 3040 3.00.
PRIOR TO FALL 2014: Prerequisite: LE/EATS 3040 3.00.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisite: SC/EATS 3040 3.00.
ESSE 4140, 3 Credits

The development of computational techniques for the solution of problems in atmospheric dynamics. The construction of numerical models for the prediction of weather.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 3040 3.00; LE/EECS 1540 3.00 or equivalent FORTRAN programming experience.
Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/ESSE 4130 3.00 strongly recommended. PRIOR TO FALL 2014:
Prerequisites: LE/EATS 3040 3.00; LE/CSE 1540 3.00 or equivalent FORTRAN programming experience.
Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/EATS 4130 3.00 strongly recommended.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisite or corequisite: SC/EATS 4130 3.00 strongly recommended.
ESSE 4160, 3 Credits

This course surveys key physical and dynamical processes responsible for both the natural variability in Earth climate, as well as recent anthropogenic climate change. Models of global atmospheric and oceanic circulation and derived reanalysis datasets. Impacts of recent and future climate change, as well as potential mitigation and adaptation strategies, are discussed.

Prerequisite: LE/ESSE 2010 3.00 or LE/ESSE 3040 3.00 or permission of the instructor.
ESSE 4230, 3 Credits

An introduction to and summary of the area of remote sensing of the atmosphere from space platforms and from the ground. Topics include atmospheric radiation, atmospheric spectroscopy, inversion theory, instrumentation, satellites, space platforms and future technology.

Prerequisites: LE/ESSE 2010 3.00 or SC/PHYS 2060 3.00; SC/MATH 1025 3.00; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/MATH 2271 3.00. Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/ESSE 3030 3.00 or permission of the Instructor.
PRIOR TO FALL 2014: Prerequisites: LE/EATS 2010 3.00 or SC/PHYS 2060 3.00; SC/MATH 1025 3.00; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/MATH 2271 3.00.
Prerequisite or corequisite: LE/EATS 3030 3.00 or permission of the Instructor.
PRIOR TO SUMMER 2013: Prerequisites: SC/EATS 2010 3.00 or SC/PHYS 2060 3.00; SC/MATH 1025 3.00; SC/MATH 2015 3.00; SC/MATH 2271 3.00.
Prerequisite or corequisite: SC/EATS 3030 3.00 or permission of the Instructor

 **15 credits through degree (to include at least 3 credits from EATS courses) from:

LE/ESSE 3130 3.00, LE/ESSE 4000 3.00, LE/ESSE 4000 6.00, LE/ESSE 4020 3.00, LE/ESSE 4220 3.00, LE/ESSE 4240 3.00, LE/ESSE 4600 3.00, SC/GEOG 2400 6.00, SC/GEOG 4205 3.00, SC/GEOG 4210 3.00, SC/GEOG 4215 3.00, SC/GEOG 4310 3.00, SC/GEOG 4400 3.00, SC/MATH 3242 3.00, SC/MATH 3271 3.00, SC/MATH 3410 3.00, SC/PHYS 2060 3.00, SC/PHYS 3050 3.00, SC/PHYS 4120 3.0

A. General Education Requirement: Non-science requirement12 credits; Mathematics: SC/MATH 1013 3.00; SC/MATH 1014 3.00; computer science: LE/EECS 1011 3.00 or LE/EECS 1541 3.00; Foundational science: SC/PHYS 1011 3.0 and SC/PHYS 1012 3.0 (see approved course substitutes for transfer students;

B. Major Requirements the EATS program core, as specified above (19 credits);

C. Science breadth: satisfied by above requirements.

D. Upper level requirement: A minimum of 42 credits at the 3000 level or higher.

E. Additional elective credits, as required, for an overall total of 120 credits.

F. Standing requirements: a minimum cumulative credit-weighted grade point average of 5.00 (C+) over all courses completed

All Honours BSc degree candidates are encouraged to complete a non-credit industrial internship (normally salaried). This provides experience in a four-month to 12-month placement, normally after the third year of study.